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All About Robusta
There are two Coffea (coffee) species that make up nearly all the coffee grown for customer consumption; these are Coffea Robusta and Coffea Arabica. Let's talk about Robusta coffee.
It is disease resistant and produces two times the yield per tree than the Arabica coffee tree. Coffee made from Robusta species likewise contains two times the quantity of caffeine than Arabica.
Robusta nevertheless is seen as the inferior of the two from a coffee taste viewpoint. Having stated this, the quality of the various kinds of Arabica and Robusta differs widely and it is possible to find Robusta that outperforms Arabica coffee in quality. Nonetheless, Robusta can not compete with the best Arabica crops.
You will often see Robusta combined with Arabica and, in general a Robusta will produce a more bitter, much heavier cup with less brightness and less fruit notes. A great Robusta will display chocolate and hazelnut notes.
Everything about Arabica.
You probably will have seen on coffee loads all over the phrase "100% Arabica", and questioned what it implies or stands for. This is mainly planned as a sign of quality which is used as a selling point and suggests exactly what it says: that 100% of the coffee in the package is made from Arabica coffee beans.
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"Coffea Arabica" is one of the most commonly grown coffee species in the world! Arabica coffee trees grow at relatively high elevations (1,300-1,500 m), giving a richer bean with more focused flavours, a higher degree of level of acidity and floral and fruity notes.
All of the world's highly graded coffees and basically those classified as "specialty" coffee are of the Arabica species or carefully related to it. The types itself does not guarantee quality and there is far more commercial-grade Arabica than there is specialty.
The origins of the Arabica coffee tree species can be traced back to the Ethiopian Highlands. Next time you are in Addis Ababa, the capital of Ethiopia, you understand what to do.
The Coffee Bean Preparation Process.
After picking the ripe coffee cherries gathered from the Coffea plant, the coffee beans are drawn out by using a particular processing method. The cleaned procedure is the one that dominates the world of specialty coffee.
1. The newly gathered cherries are de-pulped by passing them through a cog-like rolling system that pulls the skin and the majority of the flesh off the bean.
2. The coffee is fermented in a through of water to remove the remaining mucilage. Modifications in the fermentation have a big effect on the coffee.
3. The coffee beans are dried, either sun-dried or through mechanical drying.
In general, cleaned coffee typically presents a more prominent and defined acidity.
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